Reference Material

Printed Reference Works

Printed reference materials such as dictionaries, encyclopaedias and directories are available on the shelves in the Drill Hall Library and are listed on the library catalogue.

Electronic Reference Services

There are several electronic reference services useful for Fine Art. You can see the whole range on the Reference resources web page, this gives access to online Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, UK telephone directory services and Maps.

Useful electronic reference services include:

  • American National Biography Online
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  • Oxford Reference Online - a large collection of subject dictionaries and guides.

Oxford Reference Online includes the following Art dictionaries:

Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists
Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists
Consise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms
Oxford Dictionary of Art
Dictionary of Modern Design
Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art
Oxford Companion to Photography
Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance
Oxford Companion to Western Art

Freely available Online Dictionaries

- Visuwords is an interesting example of a free open access English language dictionary. It is based upon Princeton University's WordNet and enables users to look up definitions of words and then view in visual graphs which map their associations with related terms and concepts. These include broader and narrower terms, associated nouns, verbs and adverbs. This makes the site very effective for use as a thesaurus and for tracing related synonyms. Information on sources and compilation is provided on the website.

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